Winter Caribou Hunting Tips
The Caribou is a large white-beaked mammal with large tundra-like ears, large feet, short legs, dense fur, and a thick trunk. Native to forests of Chippeways and Eurasian tundra, it is adapted physically to survive in these harsh conditions for millions of years. It has lived in this same habitat since prehistoric times. Some of its offspring have been able to adapt and survive in different climates and environments without evolving severe health problems.
DescriptionThe reindeer, which is also called caribou in North America and elsewhere in the world, is an animal with a circumpolar distribution, meaning it lives in areas that are close to the equator. This includes both migratory and sedentary populations. While the winter herds usually inhabit Chippeways, the summer herds move further south and occupy territory along tundra margins, mountain ranges, and coastal areas. These animals have small tundra antlers, which they use to break through the snow on their way to the warmer ground. Caribou usually arrive in winter in Chippeways and head southward.
Diet Caribou eat a variety of plant and animal material including seeds, nuts, berries, grasses, and twigs. Their meat diet consists mainly of small game such as porcupines, reindeer, caribou, ducks, geese, along with insects, snails, fish, and other animals. A young female may become lactating by the time she is twelve months old. After the first calving, a young male calf is not able to produce milk until he is about two years of age. They rely on caribou herds for their source of food during the summer months.
Social Structure Caribou organizes in families called flocks. The number of flocks depends on the size of the family, its activity levels, and the weather. Flocks are usually found in arctic tundra and sub-tropical forests. The calves begin to nurse from eight weeks of age and continue to nurse for three months.
Mother Caribou gives birth to up to five kits, referred to as sowing, before the young are even born. The sows give birth to one infant at a time while they carry on with their usual activities. After a month, another litter is born. Thereafter, up to eight kits are born every year.
Average weight of these animals is two hundred ninety pounds. Males are slightly larger, reaching two hundred seventy pounds. Their coats are silky and silvery grey with darkish brown undercoats. Their ears are long and prominent, and their tails are bushy. Males and females both have somewhat similar appearance except for the brownish black fur colour.